Factory farming is just what it sounds like, the practice of farming mass quantities of animals in an indoor factory. It was developed to feed an ever growing population. The more people that live on the planet, the more mouths there are to feed. This highly controversial issue has people enraged all over the world because of the living conditions an d treatments of the animals. Factory farms sole purpose is to produce the largest amount of goods, in the fastest time possible, and make the most profit possible. While this may seem like a great situation, it is at the expense of the welfare of the animal. In order to truly understand the issue of factory farming, you have to look at the benefits it brings along with all of the consequences.
The Pros of Factory Farming
1. Lowered Food Costs
The production costs and the time involved in producing the food is significantly lower than traditional farming. These saved costs are passed onto the consumers. Many people appreciate the low prices for milk, eggs, and meat.
2. High Amounts of Profit
Compared to traditional types of farming, factory farmings brings in massive amounts of profits for the companies. This is a pro because it helps to stimulate the economy and puts more money back into the industry.
The Cons of Factory Farming
1. Human Health Risks
The unsanitary conditions that the animals are kept in cause them to develop illnesses, that often go undetected. Along with these illnesses, the feed that the animals are fed are filled with additives and pesticides that stay in their body. The meat contains all of these contaminates, which we consume.
2. Inhumane Conditions
Thousands upon thousands of animals are crammed into horrendously small spaces, with no room to move around. Cows don’t get to roam around through fields and eat grass, instead they are shoved side by side into cages with only a feeding tube in front of them. Chickens are only given a space the size of a piece of paper to nest and lay eggs. This horrible treatment of these animals is wrong.
3. Ruins Surrounding Land
The massive amounts of animals also produce massive amounts of waste. All of this dumping of animals waste ruins the soil around the factory farm, along with the water and air. Once this factory is done, farming will not be possible on the land.
4. High Death Rates
Because of the conditions that the animals are exposed to, a very large amount of them die. Some of the common reasons that these animals die is because of disease, stress, and even heart attack.
5. Animal Torture
It is very common for the beaks and feathers of chicken and turkeys to be completely removed. This is done to prevent self mutilation and cannibalism that happens in overcrowded birds. Hens that lay eggs are forced into molting by being starved and exposed to crazy patterns of light.
6. Less Nutrition
Factory farmed animals are fed a high fat and additive feed in order to get them fat faster. This is transferred into the meat of the animals. In today’s supermarket chickens, there is two times the amount of fat and half of the protein than there was 30 years ago.